Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009
The above legislation introduced a number of changes to British nationality law and became effective 13 January 2010.
1. Children born outside the UK to parents in the armed forces
A child born outside the UK after 13 January can register as a British citizen if:
- they were born to a Foreign and Commonwealth member of the UK armed forces;
- that parent was serving outside the UK at the time of birth; &
- both parents consent to the registration.
2. Children born outside the UK to British citizens by descent
After 13 January 2010, children of British citizens by descent can be registered under section 3(2) of the British Nationality Act 1981 if an application is made at any time before their 18th birthday.
3. British nationals outside the UK with no other citizenship or nationality
British nationals overseas can be registered under section 4B of the British Nationality Act 1981 if they do not hold any other citizenship or nationality. A British national overseas will not qualify under this section if he or she has done anything after 19 March 2009 that resulted in the loss of another nationality.
4. Children of British mothers
After 13 January 2010, a person who has a British mother will have a right to register as a British citizen under section 4C of the British Nationality Act 1981, if they would have become a British citizen at birth had women been able to pass on citizenship in the same way as men. (Before 13 January 2010, this right applied only to those born after 7 February 1961.)
** Life in UK: citizenship laws - additional information & advice **
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