Instead of raising VAT, the Chancellor chose to increase National Insurance contributions (NIC) by 0.5% effective 2011 - but only for people earning over £20,000 a year.
Darling also froze the inheritance tax allowance at £325,000.
To fund the extension of the UK's broadband network, he imposed a 50p per month tax on landline telephone connections.
He also announced employer pensions contributions will now to be included in pensions tax relief.
Finally, the Chancellor imposed a 50% one-off "supertax" on all bonuses over £25,000 awarded to workers in the banking sector.
The Chancellor deferred an increase in corporation tax for small businesses. He also extended empty property relief on commercial properties with a rateable value below £18,000 for another year.
In addition, Darling exempted electric vehicles from company car tax for five years. And businesses buying plug-in vans will be able to write off their full cost against corporation tax.
Lastly, he imposed a new 10% corporation tax on income from biotechnology and pharmaceutical patents in the UK.
Pensions & benefits
The basic state pension will rise by 2.5% in April 2010, or 4% in real terms.
Inflation-linked benefits and tax credits, including child benefit and working tax credit, will rise by 1.5%.
** Additional Information & Advice **
You can obtain further information about tax and benefit rules on FindLaw.
Depending on your circumstances, however, you may want to speak with a solicitor. You can be matched with a solicitor for free via solicitor matching services, which can also help you to understand the best course of action for your situation and whether you are ready to hire a solicitor.